The dominant role of commercial banks as a source of finance and the considerable asymmetry of information in financial markets in developing countries have raised an argument that the bank lending channel of monetary transmission mechanism would be very important in such countries. This study addresses the issue by investigating empirically whether there are differential effects of monetary policy on banks’ balance sheets, and its implications to the existence of the bank lending channel of monetary policy in Indonesia, especially since the early 1980s when the government adopted a policy of financial deveculation. We find significant differences of balance sheet behavior across bank clashes in response to a change in monetary policy, consistent with the predictions of the bank lending view. We also found that because of access to foreign funds and the existence of bank loan commitment, the monetary policy was unable to constrain loan supply by the large (state) banks, indicating that the bank lending channel operates through smaller (non-state) banks.
"FINANCIAL DEREGULATION AND THE BANK LENDING CHANNEL IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF INDONESIA,"
Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking: Vol. 3:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://bulletin.bmeb-bi.org/bmeb/vol3/iss1/2