Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking

Document Type



The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the bonds and sukuk market index is investigated to determine the dynamic behavior of fixed-income return volatility. Our results suggest that COVID-19 does not influence bond and sukuk market volatility in most of our samples. Furthermore, market sentiment does not exist in the fixed income market. The dominance of long-term investors in the fixed-income market could be the cause, especially given the minor impact of the pandemic on market volatility. In erms of risk, sukuk is less risky than its counterpart, and no statistical difference is found in risk before and during the COVID-19 pandemic for sukuk and bonds. Finally, sukuk may be considered a safe haven instrument in the financial market coupled with bonds as diversification tools in the investors’ portfolios

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


Saudi Arabia


Prince Sultan University Riyadh