Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking

Document Type



In the neoclassical belief, capital flows downhill from rich to poor countries as a consequence of capital endowment variation. In contrast to the neoclassical belief, Lucas found evidence that capital tends to flow uphill. This paper investigates the intra ASEAN-5 capital flows. Using panel estimation, we found that marginal product of capital, human capital, total factor productivity growth, and the quality of institutions appear as determinants for the capital flow from Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand to Singapore as a host country. On the contrary, the capital flow from Singapore to other ASEAN countries as host countries is encouraged only by the quality of institutions, human capital as well as per capita GDP. The result shows that Lucas variables emerge as determinants for the uphill and downhill capital flow in ASEAN-5. In the meantime, marginal product of capital that represents neoclassical variable appears as the determinant for uphill capital flow from other ASEAN countries to Singapore. This gives significant insight that Lucas variables emerge as companion to the neoclassical variables in explaining intra ASEAN capital flow

First Page


Last Page