Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking

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The disparity on per capita income is evident between Java and outside Java in Indonesia. This paper confirms this evidence using σ-convergence statistic. Furthermore, this paper identify the determinant of per capita income by adopting the Solow growth model and β-convergence model. The result emphasize confirms the availability of basic infrastructure including electricity, road and sea transport are a necessary condition to gain high and sustainable growth. In addition, the result shows the existence of β-convergence, which represents the pace of regions with lower per capita income catching up other regions with higher per capita income, in Indonesia with 1,75% speed of convergence; or equivalent with half-life of 41.14 years. Furthermore, the openness will increase the region’s productivity due to higher technology spillover.

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